Long-Tail Keywords: Find and Use Them for SEO

Long-tail keywords are the underdog of SEO. No one wants to use them because of low search volumes, but they do pack a powerful punch. With the right approach, long-tail keywords can help you bypass strong competition, win featured snippets, and deliver not just traffic, but actual paying customers. Here is how.

What are long-tail keywords?

Long-tail keywords are longer search phrases (typically, three or more words) with highly specific search intent. Because these keywords are more unique, they have lower search volumes. Because these keywords are more targeted, they have higher conversion rates.

Short-tail keywords are shorter search phrases (under three words) with broader search intent. Because these keywords are more generic, they tend to have higher search volumes and lower conversion rates.

Of course, the length of the search phrase is just a rule of thumb. In reality, long-tail keywords are named this way not because they are long, but because they come from the long tail of the search volume curve:

The short tail consists of a small number of keywords with a high search volume. The long tail consists of a large number of keywords with a low search volume. And although long-tail keywords tend to be longer, and short-tail keywords tend to be shorter, the true distinction is search volume and not keyword length.

How common are long-tail keywords?

We've analyzed 24 million keywords from our database to learn more about the role of long-tail keywords in search. The first thing we’ve looked at was keyword diversity. Turns out, one- and two-word queries comprise only a quarter of our database, while the majority of our database consists of three-, four-, and five-word queries:

But the situation is very different when we look at search volumes. Here, we can see that one- and two-word keywords pull over 65% of all search volume. And the search volume drops dramatically as keywords grow longer:

Lastly, we’ve looked at the distribution of keywords by the number of searches. Turns out, over 80% of queries are searched fewer than 10 times per month.

Why use long-tail keywords?

Why use long-tail keywords if they have low search volumes? Because contrary to popular belief, search volume is not the decisive factor in keyword quality. Other factors, such as intent and competition, should also be considered when doing keyword research. 

Here are some reasons to use long-tail keywords on your website:

Long-tail keywords have less competition

Short-tail keywords are incredibly competitive — everyone wants a piece of high traffic SERPs. But because they are so competitive, only the highest authority websites get to rank on page one. We are talking about major industry players.

If you are not a major industry player, then competing for short-tail keywords may be a waste of time. Yes, your keywords are searched thousands of times per month, but what’s the point if all that traffic goes to your competitors?

To illustrate the point, I’ve run a short-tail, a mid-tail, and a long-tail keyword through the Rank Tracker tool and got some keyword stats. As you can see on the screenshot below, keyword difficulty drops dramatically as keywords get longer. This means that top-ranking websites have fewer backlinks, less-optimized content, and lack other signals of authority:

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Also, long-tail keywords usually relate to a much smaller niche of products and services, where it’s easier for you to compete. For example, every bike store sells bikes, but not all of them sell gravel bikes. Of those that do, barely any stores sell titanium gravel bikes.

If you sell titanium gravel bikes, then this should be the keyword you optimize for first. Yes, it’s searched only 1,000 times per month, but there is a good chance you’ll rank on page one and get at least some of this traffic.

Long-tail keywords have higher conversion rates

Users who search for more specific terms are further in their buying cycle than searchers who use generic queries. Normally, long-tail keywords have 2.5 times the conversion rate of short-tail keywords.

This makes perfect sense. Someone searching for best bikes is probably just exploring. But someone searching for best gravel bikes under $1000 has a much stronger purchase intent and is probably just a few steps away from pulling the trigger.

Long-tail keywords include short-tail keywords

Optimizing for long-tail keywords does not come at a cost of short-tail keywords. It’s not an either/or type of situation. In the below example, the long-tail keyword contains two shorter keywords that might be a signal for more generic searches as well. This sort of allows you to kill two birds with one stone.

Best long-tail keyword research tools

Long-tail keywords are perfect for PPC

Internet marketers agree that PPC (Pay Per Click) advertising should be mostly long-tail. And here is why. In PPC, you pay each time someone clicks on your ad. If you bid on non-specific, very broad terms you'll probably have many clicks, but with lower conversions. Thus, a lot of money will be wasted on ill-targeted traffic and will not bring real customers.

However, if you bid on more specific long-tail search phrases that better describe what you sell or offer, you are likely to attract just the right visitors to your site, and your PPC campaign will pay off sooner. In the end, a better exact match to queries will make advertising more cost-effective.

Long-tail keywords are what Google wants

You must have noticed that Google is now capable of satisfying very narrow search intents. It can show a small fragment of a video as a separate search result, it can index passages, and it does a whole lot with featured snippets and other SERP enhancements. All of these features rely on long-tail keywords.

Basically, what Google needs are bite-size pieces of information optimized for long-tail queries. This way it can satisfy specific search intents quickly and efficiently:

And as content creators, we have no choice but to accommodate Google. Think of it this way. Instead of having an article loosely optimized for one keyword and a few of its variations, create an article where each segment is optimized for a particular long-tail keyword.

To give you an example of what I mean, here is a piece of text from this article:

The H2 heading for this section is a query-like keyword written in natural language. The first sentence after the heading starts with a keyword as well. And the whole paragraph is just under 40 words — the perfect length for a featured snippet.

Here is another example:

And it’s the exact same thing. The H2 heading is a long-tail keyword and the paragraph is a no-nonsense answer exactly 40 words long. Now I fully expect both of these segments to be eligible for a featured snippet whenever someone uses these exact search queries.

How to find long-tail keywords?

The easiest way to turn a short-tail keyword into a long-tail keyword is to google it. You can then use Google’s recommendation system to find more keyword variations.

The first place to look is Google autocomplete. Just start typing your keyword and Google will suggest about a dozen of ways to finish it — those are your primary long-tail keywords:

Once you are on the search results page, you can look around for other keyword suggestions. At the top of the page there will often be a People also ask section with a few popular questions around your query:

And at the bottom of the page you will find a Related searches section with a few ways to modify your query and make it more specific:

Alternatively, you can turn to a tool that will collect this information for you. A popular option is AnswerThePublic website, where you can enter your seed query and get a list of related questions:

Of course, if you want to research long-tail keywords at scale, say, for your entire website, you would have to turn to a dedicated keyword research software.

New to keyword research?

Check out our latest video for beginner-friendly tips and tools.

Use Rank Tracker to generate keyword ideas

This step requires Rank Tracker. You can download it now for free.
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What makes Rank Tracker a powerful long-tail keyword research tool is that it has not one, but nine different keyword research methods:

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You can use some or all of them and end up with tens of thousands of keyword suggestions for your website. Let me walk you through the process.

Step 1. Launch Rank Tracker, enter the URL of your site, and click Finish to create a project. The tool will immediately identify a few of your main keywords and add them to the rank tracking dashboard.

Step 2. Switch to the Keyword Research tab and check for Ranking Keywords: enter your page URL, configure search method (you can search the whole domain or the exact URL) and settings (desktop or mobile, preferred search engines as well), and hit Search. In a while, the software will show hundreds of Google keywords the page is already ranking for.

How to start using Rank Tracker keyword research
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You can change the settings to research keywords coming from mobile devices. That can bring a strikingly different set of keywords. For example, the wide-spread use of smartphones changed the way mobile searchers formulate their queries: when deciding to buy some ordinary stuff, people started to look through reviews more, searching for the best alternatives, or whatever else should I choose.

Step 3. Let's try Google Autocomplete and Related Searches. These research methods draw on Google’s recommendation system, the same one we discussed earlier. Except in this case no manual work is involved. All you have to do is enter a few of your seed keywords and the tool will do the rest:

Rank Tracker Autocomplete Tools for keyword research
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When it's done, you'll have up to several hundred new terms you could target.

Repeat this process for other autocomplete research methods, such as the Autocomplete tool for Bing, Amazon, YouTube — the researched keywords will be pretty different.

Step 4. Try the Related Questions method to discover question-like queries. These too come directly from Google’s recommendation system, except the search for keywords is fully automated and can be done at scale. Just enter one or more of your seed keywords and the tool will collect commonly asked questions around the same topic:

Rank Tracker's Realted Searches module
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Step 5. Finally, switch to the TF-IDF Explorer. It allows finding topical long-tail keywords that your top-ranking competitors often use, but you might have missed. The keyword tool will provide a list of popular keyword phrases, their basic search stats, and how frequently your competitors use them:

TF-IDF Explorer for finding more long-tails
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Step 6. Switch to the Keyword Sandbox. This tab is where we store all of the keyword ideas generated with the above research methods:

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For example, I’ve run a quick search for keyword ideas around the topic of bikes and ended up with almost 14,000 keywords in my sandbox. Now, that is entirely too many and most of these keywords are not even long-tail. To narrow our selection of keywords down, let’s move onto the second stage of keyword research — applying filters.

Use Rank Tracker to select best long-tail keywords

Another great thing about Rank Tracker is that it collects a bunch of metrics for each keyword discovered during the research stage. We now can use these metrics to evaluate our keywords and determine which ones are worth the effort.

For long-tail keywords, I prefer to apply three filters:

Filter 1. Keyword length. Set this filter to show keywords that are three words or longer. As discussed before, longer keywords are generally indicative of a smaller niche where it is easier to compete for rankings.

Filter 2. Keyword difficulty. Set this filter to show keywords with a difficulty score of less than 40. I’m using this setting as a rule of thumb, but you are free to select your own cut-off point. If you have a more authoritative website, you can choose to go against stronger competitors and vice versa.

Filter 3. Number of searches. Set this filter to show keywords with a search volume of above 250. Here too, you are free to select your own cut-off point. If your market is very small, then perhaps even 50 searches per month are a big deal.

Here is what the filters look like in Rank Tracker:

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Once everything is set, click OK and the list of keyword ideas should become much shorter. In my case, once I’ve applied the filters I ended up with under 200 keywords, down from 14,000. Now my list is much more manageable:

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If you are unhappy with the number or the quality of the remaining keyword ideas, then you can either change your filters or go back to the keyword research methods and look for more ideas using new seed keywords or different settings.

Another thing you can do is filter out negative keywords by vocabulary. For example, if you are selling premium merchandise, you are unlikely to want a customer who searches for cheap, popular, or free items, so just exclude these terms from your keywords. In the same way, you can exclude competitors' brand name searches, unnecessary locations, activities, or services that your website is not expected to cater for.

Use Rank Tracker to assign keywords to pages

Now that you have your list of high-potential long-tail keywords, you can choose which ones are a good fit for your website. Simply scroll through the list and see if it makes sense to create a page on these topics.

Whenever you find terms that are a good long-tail fit for your website, select them and hit Move Selected Keywords To Rank Tracking.

Keyword Mapping of long-tail keywords
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These keywords will then appear in the Target Keywords module, where your Rank Tracking and Keyword Map dashboards are.

In Rank Tracking, you can once again do the keyword difficulty check. Switch to Keyword & Rankings tab and in the lower workspace select the Keyword Difficulty tab. There you will see pages ranking in the top 10 for the selected long-tail keyword, alongside other important stats, such as InLink Rank, Domain InLink Rank, and how many sites are linking to the page. Based on this, you can estimate how much effort it will take to rank for the keyword.

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In the Keyword Map module, you can assign a keyword to a page (or several terms or the whole group at once): right-click on them and hit the Assign Keywords To Landing Page button.

Assign keywords to landing pages
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This way, you'll be able to easily see the distribution of long-tail keywords over each landing page in your keyword map. It will make optimizing the pages at the next step quicker and easier: keyword mapping will help you manage SEO copywriting, track ranks of the landing pages and fix issues, like traffic drops or keyword cannibalization.

How to optimize your pages for long-tail keywords?

This step requires WebSite Auditor. You can download it now for free.
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By now, you should have a pretty extensive list of keywords mapped to each of your landing pages in Rank Tracker. It's time to work them into your content.

The easiest way to optimize your pages is with the WebSite Auditor tool — its Content Editor dashboard lets you edit your pages in live mode.

Optimize your pages adding long-tails in titles and descriptions
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Paste the link to a page you want to optimize (or create a new one), add your main keyword, wait for a moment while the software conducts a page audit — and you have a list of tips on how to optimize your page. Use the tips to insert missing keywords throughout your copy.

Use long-tail keywords for H2/H3 headings

As we've already discussed at the beginning of this article, long-tail keywords are a great fit for section headings of your pages. For example, let's say I run an online bike store and I have a blog post with the title How to choose a bike? Now, this type of guide is easy to split into several semi-independent sections, each of which can be dedicated to a different long-tail keyword. If I choose my keywords right, Google will be able to use my content to satisfy a whole range of search intents:

Bad H2 ideas Good H2 ideas
Budget How much does a good bike cost?
Frame Which bike frame material is best?
Geometry What size bike do I need?

Add FAQ/Q&A sections to your pages

If you have a bunch of long-tail keywords that seem relevant to a page, but you can't work them in organically, then consider adding a FAQ section. Turn your list of keywords into questions, come up with answers, and add a section at the end of your page. It works great for product pages, landings, and all kinds of service pages (about, contacts, terms & conditions, etc.). The added benefit of FAQs is that you can enhance them with schema markup and improve your chances of being noticed by Google.

Optimize anchor texts for internal and external links

Internal links are great spots for your long-tail keywords. Put them in the anchor text when you insert a link to a page on another page, and make sure to keep the anchors diverse and natural-sounding. It is advised to link from pages ranking for long-tails to pages with broad, more popular keywords (for example, from product to category). This will help to build up the PageRank and make certain pages more prominent.

The same is true for the backlinks that you can control. Whenever you link to a page from an external resource (be it a guest post or another website of yours), use a variation of the long-tail keyword for the backlink's anchor text. External links have to be integrated into the content so that it would be difficult to remove them without rewriting the text. Long-tail keywords serve this purpose very well.

Final thoughts

These are the basics for your long-tail keyword strategy to successfully target convertible traffic. To see how it works, you can also watch our webinar on long-tail keyword research. If you implement the long-tail keywords strategy properly on your pages, your site is guaranteed to increase visibility and expand to a larger, more convertible audience. Over to you.

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